# Physics

- Acceleration - Discover the acceleration formula which depicts the rate of change of velocity over a given time period. Understand the applications of this formula in different fields such as space exploration, the automotive industry, and sports science.
- Acceleration in Simple Harmonic Motion - Determine the acceleration of an object in simple harmonic motion with the given mass, spring constant and displacement.
- Acoustic Impedance - This formula calculates the acoustic impedance of a medium based on its density and the velocity of sound in the medium.
- Ampère's Law - Ampère's Law connects the integrated magnetic field around a closed loop to the electric current passing through the loop. This function provides a simple evaluation of this principle.
- Angular Acceleration - The angular acceleration calculator helps determine the rate of change of angular velocity with respect to time.
- Angular Momentum - Angular momentum is a physical quantity that represents the rotational inertia of an object combined with its rotation speed. This calculator computes angular momentum given moment of inertia and angular velocity.
- Angular Velocity - This calculator helps calculate the angular velocity using the given angular displacement and time.
- Average Velocity - The average velocity formula calculates the average speed of an object over a given time period.
- Boyle's Law - Boyle's Law relates the pressure and volume of an ideal gas held at a constant temperature. The product of initial pressure and volume equals the product of the final pressure and volume.
- Capacitance of a Parallel Plate Capacitor - Calculate the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor using its plate area, the distance between the plates, and the permittivity of the dielectric material.
- Centripetal Acceleration - Calculate the centripetal acceleration of an object moving in a circular path based on its velocity and radius.
- Centripetal Force - The centripetal force formula calculates the force acting on an object moving in a circular path.
- Conservation of Angular Momentum - The conservation of angular momentum states that the total angular momentum of a system remains constant if no external torques act on it.
- Continuity Equation for Incompressible Fluid Flow - The continuity equation for incompressible fluid flow relates fluid velocity and cross-sectional area to maintain mass flow rate. Calculate velocities using this principle.
- De Broglie Wavelength Formula - The De Broglie wavelength formula relates the wavelength of a particle to its momentum and Planck's constant.
- Density - Calculate the density of a substance using its mass and volume.
- Density of Water - This calculator provides the density of water at different temperatures based on standard temperature-density relationships.
- Displacement Current - The displacement current formula calculates the current density that arises from a changing electric field, complementing Ampère's Law in electromagnetism.
- Displacement Formula - Calculate displacement using initial velocity, time, and acceleration with this formula.
- Eddington Luminosity Limit - The Eddington Luminosity Limit formula calculates the maximum luminosity a body can achieve while maintaining gravitational equilibrium.
- Electromagnetic Wave Equation - The electromagnetic wave equation calculates the velocity of an electromagnetic wave based on its frequency and wave speed.
- Electron-volts to Volts - This converter allows for the precise conversion of energy units from electron-volts to volts and is widely used in various branches of physics and engineering.
- Entropy Change (ΔS) - The change in entropy (ΔS) is determined by subtracting the initial entropy from the final entropy of a thermodynamic system. It measures the disorder or number of configurations within the system.
- Equation of Motion for Constant Acceleration - Calculate the displacement of an object under constant acceleration. Requires initial velocity, acceleration, and time.
- Euler's Formula in Trigonometry - Euler's Formula in Trigonometry relates trigonometric functions with the complex exponential function through the formula e^(iθ) = cos(θ) + i*sin(θ), for an angle θ in radians.
- Faraday's Law - Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction - calculate the induced electromotive force.
- Faraday's Law of Electromagnetic Induction - Faraday's Law of Electromagnetic Induction calculates the induced electromotive force in a circuit due to changes in magnetic flux.
- Faraday's Law of Induction - Faraday's Law of Induction states that the induced EMF in a closed loop is proportional to the rate of change of magnetic flux through the loop. This page explains how to calculate the EMF.
- Fick's Law of Diffusion - Fick's law of diffusion allows for the determination of solute flux across an area due to diffusion.
- Focal Length of a Spherical Mirror - Find out the focal length of a spherical mirror using its radius. The focal length is half of the radius of curvature. Use this calculator for both concave and convex spherical mirrors.
- Force
- Force from Negative Derivative of Potential Energy - This formula calculates the force acting on a body due to changes in potential energy with respect to distance.
- Gauss Law for Magnetism - Gauss's law for magnetism relates the distribution of electric charge within a region to the electric field on the boundary of that region.
- Gauss's Law for Electricity - Gauss's Law for Electricity relates the electric flux passing through a closed surface to the total charge enclosed by that surface. This calculator helps in determining the electric flux based on the provided charge and electric constant.
- Gauss's Law for Magnetism - Gauss's Law for Magnetism states that the magnetic flux through any closed surface is zero, described by the formula ΦB = B · dA.
- Gibbs Free Energy in Materials - Calculate the Gibbs free energy to determine the spontaneity of a reaction based on enthalpy, entropy, and temperature. ΔG = ΔH - TΔS.
- Gravitational Potential Energy - Calculate gravitational potential energy using mass and height with this formula. This calculator is useful in physics and engineering applications.
- Group Velocity of a Wave - Calculate the group velocity of a wave using its wavelength and frequency with this calculator.
- Heat Transfer by Conduction - Heat transfer by conduction is calculated using the thermal conductivity, cross-sectional area, temperature difference, and thickness of the material. This calculator helps with thermal design decisions.
- Hooke's Law - Hooke's Law calculates the force needed to extend or compress a spring based on its spring constant and the distance of extension. Usage: forceConstant > 0, extension > 0.
- Hooke's Law (Elasticity) - Hooke's Law is a principle of physics that states the force needed to extend or compress a spring by some distance is proportional to that distance.
- Hooke's Law for Springs - Hooke's Law calculates the force needed to extend or compress a spring based on its stiffness (force constant) and the displacement. It supports a broad range of scientific and engineering applications.
- Ideal Gas Law - The ideal gas law describes the behavior of an ideal gas under various conditions. This formula provides a way to calculate the number of moles of gas.
- Impulse - The impulse of an object is calculated by multiplying the applied force by the time over which it is applied. This calculator aids in computing the impulse experienced by an object.
- Impulse-Momentum Theorem - The impulse-momentum theorem states that the change in momentum of an object is equal to the impulse applied to it. This calculator helps find the impulse.
- Joule-Thomson Coefficient - The Joule-Thomson coefficient formula calculates the change in temperature of a gas subjected to expansion or compression at constant enthalpy.
- Kinematics - Acceleration Formula - The acceleration formula calculates the rate of change of velocity with respect to time. This calculator helps find the acceleration.
- Kinetic Energy - Calculate the kinetic energy of an object using its mass and velocity with this Kinetic Energy Calculator.
- Laplace's Equation - Laplace's equation is a second-order partial differential equation that describes the behavior of harmonic functions and arises in various areas of physics.
- Linear Elasticity - Hooke's Law - Hooke's Law formula calculates the force needed to extend or compress a spring by some distance. This calculator helps understand the behavior of springs and elastic materials.
- Lorentz Force Calculation - Calculate the Lorentz force on a charge moving in a magnetic field. Essential for understanding electromagnetic field interactions. Parameters: charge (Coulombs), velocity (m/s), magnetic field (Tesla).
- Magnification Formula for Lenses - The magnification formula for lenses calculates the magnification factor based on the distance of the image and the object from the lens, allowing for lens design optimization.
- Mass-Energy Equivalence - The mass-energy equivalence principle, expressed by Einstein's famous formula E=mc^2, determines the energy content of an object based on its mass. Use this calculator to explore the relationship between mass and energy.
- Mirror Equation for Concave and Convex Mirrors - The mirror equation for concave and convex mirrors connects the focal length with object and image distances, aiding in optical calculations and design.
- Moment of Force - The moment of a force produces rotation and is defined as the product of the force and the perpendicular distance from the point to the line of action of the force.
- Momentum - Momentum is the product of an object's mass and its velocity. This calculator helps find the momentum of an object.
- Momentum Formula - The momentum of an object is calculated by multiplying the mass of the object by its velocity. This calculator helps find the momentum.
- Net Force - The net force acting on an object is calculated by multiplying its mass by its acceleration. This calculator helps find the net force.
- Newton's Second Law of Motion (F = ma) - Newton's Second Law of Motion states that the force acting on an object is equal to the mass of the object multiplied by its acceleration. This calculator helps in understanding the relationship between force, mass, and acceleration.
- Particle Velocity in Sound Waves - The particle velocity in sound waves is calculated by multiplying the frequency and wavelength of the sound wave. This formula helps find the particle velocity in sound waves.
- Pauli Exclusion Principle - The Pauli exclusion principle is a fundamental principle in quantum mechanics that governs the behavior of fermions.
- Permittivity Calculation - Calculate the permittivity of a material based on its relative permittivity, to understand its electric field resistance.
- Phase Velocity of a Wave - The phase velocity of a wave is calculated by multiplying its wavelength by its frequency. This formula helps determine the phase velocity.
- Planck's Energy of a Photon - Planck's energy of a photon formula calculates the energy (E) associated with a photon given its frequency (ν) using Planck's constant (h).
- Potential Energy - The potential energy of an object is calculated using its mass, height, and the acceleration due to gravity. This calculator helps in finding potential energy.
- Power Consumption - Calculate power consumption in a circuit with given current and resistance using the formula P = I^2R. This tool is essential for understanding electrical power dynamics.
- Power Formula - The power formula calculates the power generated or used in a given time period. This formula is essential for understanding energy consumption and power generation.
- Pressure
- Pressure-Volume Work in Thermodynamics - Pressure-volume work formula (W = -PΔV) in thermodynamics calculates the work done during an isobaric process, considering constant pressure and volume change.
- Quantum Angular Momentum - Quantum angular momentum is a measure of the rotation of an object. This calculator helps calculate quantum angular momentum using mass, velocity, and radius.
- Time Constant of an RL Circuit - Calculate the time constant τ for an RL circuit, given the values of inductance L and resistance R. This is essential for understanding the current's rate of change in the circuit.
- Relative Velocity - Calculate the relative velocity between two objects based on their individual velocities.
- Simple Harmonic Motion - The equation x(t) = A cos(ωt + φ) represents the displacement of an object undergoing simple harmonic motion at any given time t.
- Speed
- Speed of Light - Convert speed to the fraction of the speed of light using this calculator.
- Speed of Sound in Air - The speed of sound in the air can be calculated using the temperature with this formula. This calculator helps calculate the speed of sound in air.
- Torque - The torque is calculated by multiplying the applied force with the lever arm distance. This calculator helps find the torque.
- Velocity Formula - The velocity of an object is calculated by dividing the distance traveled by the time taken. This formula helps find the velocity of an object.
- Verdet Constant (Faraday Effect) - The Verdet constant, denoted by θ, is the angle of rotation of light due to the Faraday effect and is calculated using the formula θ = B * l * V. This calculator helps to determine the Verdet constant.
- Warp Speed - Calculate warp speed using the concept of e raised to the power of the velocity.
- Wave Equation - The wave equation calculates the speed of a wave based on wavelength and frequency.
- Wave Speed
- Work-Energy Principle - The Work-Energy Principle states that the work done on an object is equal to the change in its kinetic energy.
- Young-Laplace Equation - The Young-Laplace equation is used to calculate the pressure inside a curved liquid surface, utilizing surface tension, pressure difference, and liquid density.