# Thermodynamics

• Adiabatic Bulk Modulus - Calculate the Adiabatic Bulk Modulus of a fluid using its pressure and the heat capacity ratio (gamma). Useful in thermodynamics applications.
• Biot Number - The Biot Number is a dimensionless quantity in heat transfer comparing internal and boundary layer heat resistances. Calculate Biot Number using this tool.
• Biot Number Calculation - The Biot number is a dimensionless quantity important in heat transfer calculations, representing the ratio of conductive to convective heat transfer resistance.
• Born-Haber Cycle - Understand the Born-Haber cycle and the different energy contributions for the formation of an ionic compound. Calculate the overall enthalpy change.
• Boyle's Law - Boyle's Law relates the pressure and volume of an ideal gas held at a constant temperature. The product of initial pressure and volume equals the product of the final pressure and volume.
• Carnot Cycle Efficiency - Carnot cycle efficiency represents the maximum possible efficiency of a heat engine between two temperatures. Calculate the efficiency using the temperatures of the hot and cold reservoirs.
• Carnot Efficiency - The Carnot efficiency formula calculates the theoretical maximum efficiency of a heat engine operating between two temperature reservoirs.
• Charles's Law - Charles's Law calculator provides a formula to determine the final volume of a gas when temperature changes at a constant pressure, based on initial volume and temperature.
• Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient Calculation - Calculate the convective heat transfer rate using the surface area, temperature difference, and the convective heat transfer coefficient.
• Enthalpy of an Ideal Gas - Discover how to calculate the enthalpy of an ideal gas using the formula involving moles, heat capacity at constant pressure, and temperature change. This is critical for understanding energy changes in gases.
• Entropy Change (ΔS) - The change in entropy (ΔS) is determined by subtracting the initial entropy from the final entropy of a thermodynamic system. It measures the disorder or number of configurations within the system.
• First Law of Thermodynamics - The First Law of Thermodynamics describes the conservation of energy in a system. Using this formula, one can calculate the change in internal energy by considering the heat added and the work done.
• Fourier's Law of Heat Conduction - Fourier's Law of Heat Conduction determines the heat transfer rate through a material based on its thermal conductivity, area, temperature difference, and thickness.
• Fugacity of a Component in a Mixture - Calculating the fugacity of a component in a mixture based on the pressure and mole fractions.
• Gay-Lussac's Law - Gay-Lussac's Law calculator to determine the final pressure of a gas when it's heated or cooled at constant volume, using the relation P1/T1 = P2/T2.
• Gibbs Free Energy in Materials - Calculate the Gibbs free energy to determine the spontaneity of a reaction based on enthalpy, entropy, and temperature. ΔG = ΔH - TΔS.
• Gibbs-Helmholtz Equation - The Gibbs-Helmholtz Equation relates the Gibbs free energy change to the enthalpy and entropy changes of a reaction at a constant temperature. Learn how to use this equation.
• Heat Capacity at Constant Pressure (Cp) - Calculate the heat capacity at constant pressure (Cp) for a given substance by multiplying the number of moles (n) with the substance's molar heat capacity at constant pressure (Cp_m).
• Heat Capacity at Constant Volume (Cv) - Calculate the heat capacity at constant volume (Cv) for a given number of moles and the molar heat capacity at constant volume (CvM). Understand the meaning and applications in thermodynamics.
• Heat Transfer by Conduction - Fourier's law of heat conduction formula calculates the rate of heat transfer through a material, based on its thermal conductivity, area, temperature difference, and thickness.
• Heat Transfer by Convection - Calculate heat transfer by convection using the coefficient of heat transfer, surface area, and temperature difference. Ideal for HVAC, engine design, and environmental calculations.
• Heat Transfer by Conduction - Heat transfer by conduction is calculated using the thermal conductivity, cross-sectional area, temperature difference, and thickness of the material. This calculator helps with thermal design decisions.
• Ideal Gas Law - The ideal gas law describes the behavior of an ideal gas under various conditions. This formula provides a way to calculate the number of moles of gas.
• Internal Energy of an Ideal Gas - Calculate the internal energy of an ideal gas using this formula.
• Isothermal Compressibility - Calculate the isothermal compressibility of a substance in response to changes in pressure.
• Joule-Thomson Coefficient - The Joule-Thomson coefficient formula calculates the change in temperature of a gas subjected to expansion or compression at constant enthalpy.
• Kirchhoff's Law of Thermal Radiation - Kirchhoff's law of thermal radiation calculates the emissive power of a body based on its absorptivity and area.
• Linear Thermal Expansion - Learn about the linear thermal expansion formula which predicts the length change of materials with temperature change. Useful for engineering and construction.
• Péclet Number - The Péclet number is a dimensionless number representing the ratio of advection to diffusion in fluid flow, which is helpful for understanding heat or mass transfer phenomena.
• Pressure-Volume Work in Thermodynamics - Pressure-volume work formula (W = -PΔV) in thermodynamics calculates the work done during an isobaric process, considering constant pressure and volume change.
• Rankine Cycle Efficiency - The Rankine cycle efficiency formula calculates the efficiency of the Rankine cycle in converting heat into work in thermal power stations.
• Raoult's Law - Raoult's Law explains the relationship between a solvent's vapor pressure and its mole fraction in an ideal solution. Learn how to calculate the partial vapor pressure.
• Specific Heat Capacity - The specific heat capacity formula calculates the energy required to raise the temperature of a substance based on its mass, specific heat, and temperature change.
• Thermodynamic Efficiency of a Heat Engine - Thermodynamic efficiency formula calculates the theoretical maximum efficiency of a heat engine based on the temperatures of the hot and cold reservoirs.
• Thermodynamic Work - Calculate the thermodynamic work done in a system at constant pressure with a known volume change using this work formula.