# Pharmacology

• Bioavailability Formula - The bioavailability formula calculates the percentage of a drug that reaches the systemic circulation when administered through the oral route compared to the intravenous route.
• Clearance Formula - The pharmacology clearance formula calculates the rate at which a drug is being removed from the body.
• Drug Half-Life from Clearance and Volume of Distribution - The half-life of a drug is calculated using the volume of distribution and clearance. This calculator helps find the half-life of a drug.
• Extraction Ratio Calculation - The extraction ratio (ER) is a pharmacokinetic parameter used to describe the efficiency of drug removal from the blood by an eliminating organ. Use this calculator to determine the extraction ratio.
• Half-Life (t½) Calculation - Calculate the half-life (t½) of a substance using the initial amount and decay constant with this helpful tool.
• Hepatic Clearance (Well-Stirred Model) - Hepatic Clearance using Well-Stirred Model formula calculates the efficiency of the liver in removing a drug from the blood.
• Maintenance Dose Calculation - Calculate the maintenance dose required to achieve a specific concentration of a drug in the body.
• Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) - The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) is the lowest concentration of an antimicrobial agent that inhibits the visible growth of a microorganism after overnight incubation.
• Pediatric Dose Calculation - Learn how to calculate pediatric doses based on child's weight and the standard adult dose using the pediatric dose formula.
• Pharmacology - Loading Dose Formula - The loading dose formula in pharmacology is used to calculate the initial dose of a medication needed to rapidly achieve the desired drug concentration in the body.
• Renal Clearance Formula - Calculate renal clearance using the urine flow rate, urine concentration, and plasma concentration.
• Therapeutic Index (TI) - The therapeutic index (TI) is calculated by dividing the toxic dose (TD50) by the effective dose (ED50). This calculator provides insights into the relative safety of a drug.
• Volume of Distribution - The volume of distribution (Vd) is a pharmacokinetic parameter calculated by dividing the amount of drug in the body by the plasma drug concentration.
• Zero Order Kinetics Rate Equation - The zero order kinetics rate equation describes the rate at which a substance is consumed or produced over time. This formula helps calculate the concentration of a substance in such a reaction.