# Environmental Science

• Albedo Value Calculation - Albedo is the fraction of solar energy reflected from Earth back into space. Calculate the albedo by dividing reflected radiation by incoming solar radiation.
• Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) - BOD calculation measures the quantity of oxygen consumed by microorganisms during the decomposition of organic matter, key to water quality assessment.
• Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions from Gasoline - Learn how to calculate the carbon dioxide emissions from gasoline consumption using a straightforward conversion formula.
• Carbon Footprint from Fuel Consumption - Calculate the carbon footprint from gasoline consumption using this simple formula, with each liter of gasoline producing approximately 2.3 kg of CO2.
• Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) Calculation - Learn how to calculate the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) which is a key indicator of water pollution levels based on the oxygen required to oxidize organic matter in water.
• Environmental Impact Quotient (EIQ) - The Environmental Impact Quotient (EIQ) formula helps to assess the potential environmental impact of pesticides, considering toxicity, exposure, and risk.
• Global Warming Potential (GWP) - Calculate the Global Warming Potential (GWP) of greenhouse gases by multiplying the mass by the GWP factor to compare their impact on climate change.
• Heat Island Effect Intensity Calculation - Calculate the Heat Island Effect Intensity by finding the difference between urban area temperature and rural baseline temperature.
• Mass Balance in a Single Tank System - Mass balance equation for a single tank system considering input and output flows, initial tank volume, and time.
• Ocean Acidification Calculation - Learn how to calculate ocean acidification using the relationship between hydrogen ion concentration and pH levels of seawater.
• Particulate Matter (PM) Concentration - Calculate the concentration of particulate matter (PM) in the air by dividing the mass of particles by the volume of air. Find out PM levels for environmental and health assessments.
• Radiative Forcing Calculation - Radiative Forcing Calculation helps estimate the influence on Earth's energy balance due to changes in atmospheric gas concentrations.
• Salinity of a Water Body - This calculator helps calculate the salinity of a water body based on the mass of salt and water volume.
• Soil Moisture Content - Calculate the moisture content of soil by comparing the mass of wet soil to the mass of dry soil. Find out the soil's water retention capacity.
• Soil Porosity - Soil porosity is a fraction of the volume of voids over the total volume of soil, indicating how much of the soil is empty space.
• Trophic Level Transfer Efficiency (TLTE) - Trophic Level Transfer Efficiency (TLTE) measures the efficiency of energy transfer between trophic levels in an ecosystem, calculated as a percentage of assimilated to consumed energy.