- Gauss Law for Magnetism - Gauss's law for magnetism relates the distribution of electric charge within a region to the electric field on the boundary of that region.
- Gauss's Law for Magnetism - Gauss's Law for Magnetism states that the magnetic flux through any closed surface is zero, described by the formula ΦB = B · dA.
- Hund's Rule - Hund's Rule helps to determine the maximum number of unpaired electrons in an atom's subshell for predicting its magnetic properties. This calculator uses Hund's Rule to calculate the unpaired electrons.
- Magnetic Susceptibility - Calculate the magnetic susceptibility of a material based on its induced magnetic moment and the strength of an external magnetic field.