Tensile Strength

Output: `Press calculate`

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Formula:`σ = F / A`

Introduction to Tensile Strength Calculator

Tensile strength, often denoted by σ, is a material's resistance to breaking under tension. It is defined as the maximum stress (force per unit area) that a material can withstand while being stretched or pulled before necking, which is when the specimen's cross-section starts to significantly contract.

In this formula, Fis the final load applied, in Newtons, that causes fracture, and Ais the original cross-sectional area of the specimen, in square meters.

Parameter usage:

• `initialArea`= original cross-sectional area of the specimen
• `finalLoad`= final load applied that causes fracture

Output:

• `tensileStrength`= maximum tensile stress the material can withstand

Data validation

Both parameters, initialArea and finalLoad, should be numbers greater than zero.

Summary

This formula calculates the tensile strength of a material given the initial cross-sectional area and the final load at fracture. It helps in material selection and engineering design processes.